Saturday, May 23, 2020

Biology And Biology An Elementary Way Of Studying Living...

The fundamental concept on how biology and chemistry interacts starts with the understanding of living things. History have provided biologist an elementary way of studying living organisms through the use of a microscope, and direct observation. However, science have advanced, and direct observation could not provide qualitative and quantitative data for biologist to gain advanced knowledge in understanding how organism converting food to muscle and bone. The plants ability to use water and sunlight, and have a parallel understanding that cells need the same things to sustain life, continue growth, and provide the ability to reproduce. This basic discovery that biologist came to realizes is that chemistry and biology must work together as a cohesive unit in order to understanding multiply exchanges between atoms, molecules, and cells. This video provides a simplistic view about metabolism and how energy is measured. Metabolism is used to sustain life, it is explained as the chemical reactions that go on within the cells of the human body. This process allows for food intake to be converted into energy. Energy is measured by Jooles, the basal energy requirement is the scale in providing the minimum amount of energy needed to sustain life. This video also provides the foods that would give you the most energy, and the major concerns about storing more energy than the body needs. Too much energy produced fat which is stored in the body, and used when necessary. The videoShow MoreRelatedNatural Environment3300 Words   |  14 PagesArticle on Natural environment Natural environment The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on Earth or some region thereof. It is an environment that encompasses the interaction of all living specie. The concept of the natural environment can be distinguished by components: Complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive human intervention, including all vegetation, microorganisms, soil, rocks, atmosphere and natural phenomenaRead MoreThe Demon -haunted World : Science As A Candle2173 Words   |  9 Pagesscience. I too, see the importance of Scientific Science which allows one to pursue the truth and validate those truths. Many times if we are not pursuing the scientific part of a problem, superstition and theories claims that are not true get in the way for layperson to understand and appreciate the result and in some cases not care about the scientific benefits. However, I do think we must be skeptical of some scientific results given to us. There is a lot of quackery and we should not accept inRead MoreThe Effects of Socio-Economic Status on Students Achievements in Biology13494 Words   |  54 Pagescountry. It’s within this situation that this study examine the correlates of socio-economic status and studen ts achievement in biology in few selected public and private schools in Ifako-ijaye Local government area of Lagos A person’s education is closely link to his chances, income, and well being (Battle Lewis 2002).Therefore it is important to have a clear understanding of what benefits or hinders one educational attainment. Education is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens especiallyRead MoreLesson Plan10685 Words   |  43 PagesAppendices†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ My Career Plan†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. Resume†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. Acknowledgement I acknowledge my mentors who really helped a lot in order to have a wide range of knowledge in terms of teaching. They gave me the vivid understanding of what teaching is. They supported me every time that I need help of somebody. They mold me how to an effective, creative, resourceful, enthusiastic, friendly, lovable, equipped and professional teacher. They created a lot of changes in termsRead MoreBook to Study English for Chemistry12934 Words   |  52 PagesScience? 1. What do the following words mean? Match them with their definitions science a science scientific scientist – the study of the nature and behaviour of natural things and the knowledge obtained about them – a particular area of scientific knowledge and study, or the study of an area of a human behaviour – describes things that relate to science – someone who works in science 2. What is the difference between ‘science’ and ‘a science’? Branches of Science 1. Which branches of science studyRead MoreSantrock Edpsych Ch0218723 Words   |  75 Pagesphysically, and how does this affect their behaviour and learning? †¢ What is the best way to characterize students’ cognitive development? How might knowledge of students’ cognitive development influence the way you teach? †¢ How does language develop? What is the best way to teach students to communicate verbally? PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Exploring How Children Develop Language Development Developmental Why Studying Issues Children’s Development Processes, Is Important Periods, and Stages PhysicalRead MorePositive Psychology5612 Words   |  23 Pageswork settings support the greatest satisfaction among worker and how are lives can be most worth living. Psychological articles examining negative states outnumber those examining positive states by a ratio of 17 to 1 (Myers Diener, 1995). Thus the objectives of positive psychology is to begin to catalyze a change in the focus of psychology from preoccupation only with expecting the worst things in life to call for massive research on human strength and virtue and to ask practitioners to recognizeRead MoreSexually Transmitted Diseases35655 Words   |  143 PagesScience For Living Notes (Compiled) Table of Contents Unit 1 Measurement 5-10 Unit 2 Matter 11-48 Unit 3 Basic materials for maintaining life Air 49-54 Water 55-68 Food 69-71 Other biomolecules of life 72-76 Unit 4 Energy in the Community Electricity 77-78 Heat 78-81 Light 82-91 Sound 92 Simple Machines 93-99 Unit 5 The Physical Environment Weather and Climate 100-113 Soils 114-128 Read MoreScience and Technology13908 Words   |  56 Pagesbelieve and made a dream come true. People who dedicated themselves to make a better world for everybody else. They are Mahatma Gandhi for his life principle of truth and non-violence, Albert Schweitzer for his cares, love and respect for all living things, Thomas Alfa Edison the great inventor of modern science, and Jacques Cousteau for his passionate love for the sea. Sea is two-thirds of the world. I live in Ambon, the capital of Moluccas province, Indonesia, where sea is ninety three percentRead MoreStatement of Purpose23848 Words   |  96 Pagesassumptions—of a department, program, or college (liberal arts or science and technology). What does it mean to think and write like a member of a specific intellectual community? For example, members of the science community embrace an epistemology—a way of knowing—―consistent with the traditional objective orientation of scientific inquiryâ€â€" (Brown 245). Contact professors at your prospective universities and discuss your research interests, and ask them about the importance of the statement of purpose

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Essay Nike- Ethical Issues - 1454 Words

Ethical Case Analysis: Nike Introduction Nike was established in 1972 by Bill Bowerman and Phil Knight. These two men were visionaries. The goal for Nike was to carry on Bowerman’s legacy of innovative thinking by helping every athlete reach their goal or by creating lucrative business opportunities that would set the company apart from any competition. This included providing quality work environments for all who were employed by Nike. However, Nike has long been eluding allegations of employing people in the developing and under-developed economies, at low wages and poor working conditions for a long time. Nike tried many different measures of correcting†¦show more content†¦By joining a task force that helps promote fair labor practices, Nike is taking responsibility for its actions and showing the global market that is does take an interest in those working in the factory. This helps to alleviate any hesitation consumers may have with purchasing products made by Nike. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 can help Nike monitor the compliance of the factories in foreign companies because it can help Nike monitor the wages paid to its employees more closely to ensure they are being paid fairly. As well it can help the company identify any significant changes in internal controls and related factors. Government Regulations The International Labor Organization (ILO) sets the standards for working conditions around the globe. ILO’s main target is governments however; many of the standards recognized today affect the behavior of corporations. The UN Global Compact sought to create a partnership between the UN and many transnational companies to promote ten essential principles in the areas of human rights, labor, the environment, and anti-corruption. (Anderson, International Regulation of Transnational Corporations, p.5) These principles include the right to equal opportunity, right to security, right to workers, as well as the respect for independence and human rights. For Nike, I think theseShow MoreRelatedNike Ethical issues6658 Words   |  27 Pagesï » ¿ Area: An organisation s corporate social responsibility policies, including business ethics, and their impact on business practice and key stakeholders Title: How does Nike reconcile the need to minimise the cost of manufacturing with the need to meet the ethical and social expectations of its customers? By WORD COUNT Research Analysis Project – 6224 words (minus table) CONTENTS Page CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Project AimRead MoreEthical Issues Of Business : Nike Essay2064 Words   |  9 PagesEthical Issues in Business: Nike Nike was founded by Philip Knight and has become one of the most successful businesses of the 21st century. Philip Knight was the 6th richest man in 1997 and the company is still going strong (Nike Chronology, 2016). This is because Nike has been able to surmount a giant ethical crisis by demonstrating transparency when it comes to where their products are manufactured. When it was discovered that child labor and sweatshops were being taken advantage of by Nike, thereRead MoreEthical and Social Responsibility Issues at Nike1612 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Globalization has a profound impact on the ethical and social responsibilities of large organizations. This is primarily true for large organizations with dominant market positions within their respective industries. These companies, due in part to their size and scale, are often garnering a substantial portion of their revenue from countries outside the United States. Growth rates in many emerging countries such as Brazil, Russian, India, and China create large opportunities for theseRead MoreThe Ethical Issues Nike Is Facing Based On Cross Cultural Settings Essay1983 Words   |  8 Pagesmost valuable brands in sports industries (Forbes, 2016), Nike Inc.’s strong brand portfolio makes it a dominant market position in this field. However, Nike has been accused of using sweatshops in developing countries to produce its products, which has largely influenced its brand reputation among the public (Newell, 2015). By outsourcing its product lines to reduce the cost of products, m ultinational corporations such as Nike is facing ethical challenges in terms of setting up factories in developingRead MoreNike Corporation Essay732 Words   |  3 Pagespresence. Identify and research a cultural issue that affects this organizations interactions outside the United States. Define the issue and provide an overview of how it became an issue in the organization. Prepare an analysis of the ethical and social responsibility issues your organization must deal with as a result of being global. Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper summarizing the results of the analysis. Include the following: Identify ethical perspectives in the global organization. Read MoreNike Case Study Essay856 Words   |  4 PagesNike Case Study 1.) List the various macro-environmental factors that influence Nike’s strategy. Which seem most pertinent? The macro-environmental factors that influence Nike’s strategy include culture, demographics, social issues, technological advances, economic situation, and political and regulatory environment.    Culture is the shared meanings, beliefs, morals, values and customs of a group of people. In America, Nike has become an industry leader that influences our culturalRead MoreEthical Issues Within The Workplace1375 Words   |  6 Pagesresponsible organizations like Nike consider the effect of their activities upon all stakeholders. What is asked that the business is ethically and socially accountable and when the stakeholder assembly converts disgruntled, the character of the business gets smudged as the argument of sweatshops smeared the character of Nike. The circumstance that is being discussed is the concern of Nike doing the right thing; to be ethically answerable. Ethics can be demarcated as the code of moralRead MoreNike: Cross-Cultural Perspective889 Words    |  4 PagesCross-cultural perspective Nike Nike is among organizations that are known globally. The headquarters of Nike are in Beaverton, Oregon and it has expanded to other countries in order for them to reach the markets which are untapped so that they can increase their profit margins. For a very long time now the organization has been sourcing its labor from other countries. This is because just as other corporations Nike is escaping the strict regulations which the United States gives them. They easilyRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemmas Of Nike1327 Words   |  6 Pages This paper will discuss the company Nike. Nike has had many ethical issues, which will be addressed. The ethical dilemmas that Nike faced will be evaluated under two ethical frameworks. The whistleblower part that was played in exposing Nike will be analyzed. This paper will evaluate whether Nike used marketing or public relations successfully when trying to repair the damage caused by the reported lapse in ethics. The company Nike operates in over 50 different companies. ThisRead MoreEssay on How to Evaluate Companies?1061 Words   |  5 Pagesas good or ethical based on different factors that may differ based on the purpose and criterion used by the evaluators or evaluating body. Perhaps the factors that must be taken into consideration when evaluating a firm are the following : business ethics, corporate social responsibility, reputation on leadership, governance and the company’s culture (Ethisphere, 2013). These factors in fact are the indicators used by the movement Ethisphere which identifies The World’s Most Ethical (WME) Companies

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

“Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin †Character Free Essays

A dynamic character is a major character in a work of fiction that encounters conflict and is changed by it. In â€Å"The Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin, the emotional pattern and thought process of Louise Mallard after she is informed of her husband’s death are explored. Over the course of the hour in which the story takes place Louise has a realization about the constraints she feels in her life and in her marriage. We will write a custom essay sample on â€Å"Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin – Character or any similar topic only for you Order Now By delineating Louise as a flat and dynamic character, Chopin is able to convey her theme that real freedom is found in death. Over the course of the story, all the characters are left as fairly flat and undeveloped. Louise is simply described as a young woman with â€Å"a fair, clam face whose lines bespoke repression and even a certain strength† (paragraph 8) and that was suffering from a heart condition. When the death of her husband, Brently, is revealed her immediate reaction was that of despair. After weeping suddenly with â€Å"wild abandonment,† Louise retreated to her room in order to collapse in solitude (paragraph 3 and 4). The tragic realization and emotional exhaustion eventually leads Louise to a realization of freedom. By whispering â€Å"free, free, free! † (paragraph 11) under her breath and not over thinking the feeling she had, Louise was able to embrace the joy with open arms she discovered in her newfound freedom. Although she knew that she would be torn apart at the sight of â€Å"the face that had never looked save with love upon her† (paragraph 12) as a corpse, Louise welcomed the oncoming years spent in devotion to her own desires. This shift in position on death motivates Louise to realize that Brently’s death should not be dwelled on with sorrow. Motivation is a sufficient reason for a character to act the way they do. Louise’s motivation for living a liberated life comes through the open window. Through nature, Chopin provides Louise with purpose. For example, while being described, the upstairs room is left with the simplistic depiction that it has only a single roomy armchair. When her husband is no longer there to restrict her potential, the house, which was once her cage, finally opens up to the outside world. With the â€Å"breath of rain in the air† and the tree tops bursting with life (paragraph four), Louise begins her journey to her conclusion. Even though the visualization of nature, Louise is competent enough to grasp that her love for Brently could not compare to the â€Å"possession of self-assertion which she suddenly recognized as the strongest impulse of her being† (paragraph fifteen). Soon enough she had nearly forgotten her departed lover and was â€Å"drinking in an elixir of life through that open window† (paragraph eighteen). After the inhalation of submission, Louise â€Å"carried herself unwittingly like a goddess of Victory† (paragraph twenty) down the stairs. In doing so, the once emotionally unstable and physically ailed woman with â€Å"white slender hands† (paragraph ten) was able to prepare for a life without discretion or restrictions. The development of Louise only seized due to her preexisting medical condition claiming her life. However this motivation is what caused Louise to act in the ways she did and refined the theme. The development of character in â€Å"The Story of an Hour† is left stagnant. Having a flat main character allows the reader to identify with the story on a level of understanding separate from that of any round character. Although the reader is inserted into Louise’s mind, an entirely understood background for her is missing. In doing so a void is made in which the reader can implant themselves into the character’s shoes to further comprehend the exact emotions of Louise during the hour. This further expands the understanding of theme because as Louise remains in front of the window with her arms spread welcoming the years to come, since she is left lacking in detail, the reader can jump into her place; they can shed tears with her or drink the elixir of life with her. The theme that death is the ultimate release from constraint is understood in the story due to Chopin’s development of Louise as a flat and dynamic character. While companionship and love are significantly important aspects of life, Chopin was able to demonstrate that Louise was ecstatic only when she realized the new way she could live her life. After all, the Greek historian Thucydides once said, â€Å"the secret of happiness is freedom. † Works Cited: Kennedy, XJ and Dana Gioia. Literature, An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama and Writing. Seventh edition. Boston: Pearson, 2010. Print. How to cite â€Å"Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin – Character, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Researcher To The Management Cluster Roles

Question: Describe about the Researcher To The Management Cluster Roles. Answer: Introduction Management role is a discourse that has received attention and interest for many researchers. There are many different managerial roles or duties within an organization that forms the basis of the managers duties within the organization. To effectively execute these roles, managers need to be complete business individuals who understand the strategic, operational, and tactical responsibilities that they hold for the organization. With the idea of Henry Mintzberg and other scholars conceding a cluster of managers roles in an organization about performance, this paper presents a detailed literature review, discussion, and analysis on how academic research affects the cluster of roles of a manager. It analyses the requirements necessary for a manager to effectively pursue his academic research together with the management functions without failure in the performance of the organization. Analysis and discussion Henry Mintzberg cluster roles for managers Henry Mintzberg is a renowned business thinker who had a deep knowledge on how managers perceive their roles and responsibilities while relating to theory and practice. According to him, the work of managers is characterized by interruptions, fragmentation, pace, and brevity of business activities. In his study and publication, he identified ten roles that describe the work of managers in ensuring effective performance in the organization. The ten roles are grouped into three main clusters where each cluster summarizes a role of the manager depending on the strategic objective of the organization according to Bareham, Bourner, and Stevens (2000, p.394). These clusters are the interpersonal, decision-making, and informational roles as shown in figure 1. As an interpersonal role, the manager acts as the figurehead who represents the organization, leads the staff, and liaises between the external environment and the organization. For the informational role, the manager monitors information flow outside and within the organization, disseminates the relevant information to the relevant target audience, and also act as a spokesperson on behalf of the organization. In the decision-making role, the manager acts as an entrepreneur that initiates a course of action with the intention of changing something within the organization. The manager also reacts to events in handling the rising disturbances, allocates resources like money, equipment, jobs, etc., and also negotiates or trades resources with other stakeholders of the organization. Figure 1: Clusters of managerial roles How a manager can add the role of academic researcher to the cluster roles In his definition, Robinson (1993) points out that academic research in business is the organized and systematic way of investigating a conceivable problem that a manager may encounter in business. It is scientific step-by-step rigorous and logical approach that deals with issues of strategic, operations, marketing, administrative, as well as systematic responsibilities in an organization. Academic research in organizational management can be applied in different strategic management responsibilities. For instance, applied research is used in fixing and determining proper actions that can be implemented in a prevailing problem encountered by managers which demand timely solutions. For a business manager, the knowledge in academic research is hence vital as basic research enables managers to understand how specific problems experienced within the organizations can be explained as well as how the knowledge can be further used in solving issues at later dates. Despite the fact that the solutions may be different, Dent (2002) points out that challenges faced by organization managers follow similar steps that need a scientific procedure in adopting strategic solutions. Through academic research, managers can strategically identify and find answers to different challenges, issues, and concerns as well as the internal and external course of action that can be taken in finding relevant and effective solutions. In support of the statement, Sekaran and Boguie (2014) point out that academic research skills help in enhancing decision-making by managers to be able to deal with the challenges they experience within the organizations successfully. Denzin and Lincoln (1994) also point out that managers having knowledge on the relevant academic research management skills are in a better position in handling different problems. He gains vital decision-making skills that give him tremendous economic saving potentials that can benefit the financial and eco nomic progress of the organization. The manager can also improve their skills in deciphering the communicated managerial research knowledge from both internal and external research consultants as well as those retrieved from different academic publications addressing similar issues. As a result, the managers can take educated, calculated, and intelligent risks with known probabilities attached to the failure of success of the management decisions. For this reason, academic research is an essential tool for decision-making rather than just generating large incomprehensible statistical information. In critical moments of decision-making, managers with a basic understanding of their research and managerial roles are the key competitors in the digital error when it comes to business management. The research knowledge and skills are sought after resources that are essential in mitigating strategic failures faced by organizations. Therefore, gaining an understanding of the relationship between management decisions and resear ch is essential for managers to ensure the organization is benefiting out of the research efforts it implements. Differences implied by the approach According to Agnew and Pyke (1994), research is not just a set of technical skills which can easily be added to a focused and clever individual in a managerial position. More is involved especially when considering the complex human dynamics that differ significantly among cultures and people. While taking care of employees and coordinating activities for the benefit of an organization, a good manager requires not only a set of skills necessary for research but also a good attitude towards embracing the values of the organization according to Rosenberg (2015, p. 6). The study of the subject of management by individuals such as Fayol, Hamel, Kotter, and Mintzberg can be captivated but the similar ideas yet differences in interpretation on how management roles differ. Many agree to the base managerial role as defined by Fayol (1949) as being organizing, planning, coordinating, controlling, and commanding,- Mintzberg (1973) as noted by Whitley (1984, p. 370). However, the above definiti on does not just focus on the internal factors influencing managers but the external influences as well using a system approach to management. Managers do not only spend time in planning, commanding, coordinating, organizing, or controlling, but also performs other tasks such as joining meetings, building interpersonal relationships, and dealing with other clients. It also means that the role of a manager is more and requires a more systematic study. As a result, one cannot just draw simplistic conclusions and biased judgments as there is no uniform consensus to the standardization of the skills and roles required for an effective manager as denoted by Kilduff and Mehra (1997, p. 454). The management role is thus multifaceted as it exhibits both uniqueness and similarities depending on the industry and the company and cannot just describe as it is done by many researchers. For the more, many organizations have unique individual cultures that bring a difference in how responsibilities and roles are propagated within the organization. According to Agnew and Pyke (1994), the responsibilities of managers are essentially integrating activities which permeate every facet of the strategic operations of an organization. However, there does not exist any one-type-fit kind of concept as there are considerable variations in the types of skills necessary for managers to fulfill the many different organizational roles. From leading the team of employees to resolving conflicts representing stakeholders of the organization, negotiating contracts, to ensuring effective and successful recruitment processes, the manager continuously shifts roles depending on the change in the tasks, situations, and organizational expectation. It is at this point that the academic research role comes in so as to effectively equip the manager on the political, operational, and strategic responsibilities of their roles. As suggested by Wankel and Fillipi (2002), a manager needs to be a coach, liaison, a problem-solver, an organizer, a trainer, a dec ision-maker, and a cheerleader. These roles can change from time to time hence require a manager to have a global understanding of all the functions within the business. The academic research role hence equips the manager with effective organizing goals, accountability, and appropriate way of serving both external and internal clients within the organization. Challenges and requirement in pursuing the role of academic researcher in conjunction with the cluster roles of a manager In pursuing the role of academic research as well as effective achievement of the organizational roles require two major factors i.e. strategic implementation and proper decision-making. In the process of managing organizational resources and activities, very few intended strategies are realized successfully. One survey after another reveals that strategic implementation has become a top priority for business executives in ensuring effective management roles. Kilduff and Mehra (1997) points out that less than 15% of organizations globally report their success towards strategic implementation. However, the same study reports a failure rate of 60% to 90%, where the majority fails at the strategic phase of the implementation process. A big percentage of these failures are traced to poor strategic implementation due to management roles and elements that were under control. Balancing between academic research and the managerial responsibilities hence require effective and relevant steps to ensure a strategic implementation process that can effectively assist the organization to achieve its strategic objectives. In his study, Rosenberg (2015) points out several reasons why many organizations experience the failure in strategic implementation resulting to incompetent management and academic research performance as summarized in figure 2. These reasons include incompetent management, inadequate strategy, neglect of political interest, a culture of fear, insufficient control and planning, and absence of implementation plan. Figure 2: Reasons why many organizations experience the failure in strategic implementation In his study, Rosenberg (2015) also points out that the managers have the responsibility of ensuring a good outcome through the decisions they make in their managerial positions. Getting the academic research knowledge on the right decision-making within the organization is hence vital in elevating the sensitivity of the managers in innumerable external and internal factors of varied nature while managing their roles in the organizational environment (Zikmund 1997, p. 65). However, the decision-making procedures adopted in balancing between the academic research roles and the managerial roles determine the achievements and blunders made within the organization. Consequently, Rosenberg (2015) points out that managers with academic research skills and knowledge should be very keen on the decisions they make with the various research methods for the advantage of the organization. Effective decision-making skills are necessary for taking intelligent, calculated, and educated risks while balancing between the managerial and academic business research roles for the achievement of the strategic goals of the organization (Brown 1997, p. 24). Conclusion Through research skills and knowledge, managers shape their thinking skills while narrowing the problems they face down into the workable matter in intelligently dealing with business issues while drawing from a vast collection of literature on related managerial matters. On the other hand, knowledge and skills on research cannot be appropriate for every manager as there is no uniform standardization of role and skills linked to management. In other words, anyone can be a manager or a researcher, but not everyone can be both researcher and manager. However, adding the knowledge of research to management roles is considered as a strategic key for the benefit of the organization. In such a manner, managers can achieve a better overview of business intelligence concerns and issues within the business environment. It hence facilitates the development in forming intelligent and economic decisions that can lead to better actions and sustainable performance e of the organization. So how can we effectively add the role of academic research to the present cluster of roles for organizational managers? It is a question that requires further research and study as a result of the common dynamics as a result of the tension and confusion that occurs when leaders are requested to wear two hats. Even though the functional hats take precedence as the most familiar and immediate managerial role, keeping full-time function roles without creating a real space for other duties is a step towards failure. List of references Agnew N., Pyke S.,(1994) The Science Game: An Introduction to Research in the Social Sciencespp 269 - 290 Bareham, J., Bourner, T. and Stevens, G. (2000). The DBA: What is it for? Careers Development International. Vol. 5, no. 7, pp 394-403 Brown R. (1997), You Cant Expect Rationality from Pregnant Men: Reflections on Multi-disciplinarily in Management Research, pp 23-30 Dent, Eric B. (2002). Developing Scholarly Practitioners: Doctoral Management Education in the 21st Century. Chapter 6 in Wankel, C. and De Fillipi, R. eds. (2002). Rethinking Management Education for the 21st Century. Information Age, N.Y. Denzin N, Lincoln Y, (1994) Handbook of Qualitative Research pp 1 - 17 Kilduff M.,Mehra A., (1997), Postmodernism and Organizational Research, pp 453 - 481 Raelin J., (1997), Action Learning and Action Science Are They Different?pp 21-34 Robinson, (1993), Current Controversies in Action Research Rosenberg, S, 2015, Manager role and business researcher, Retrieved from Sekaran, Uma Bougie, R. (2014)Research Methods for Business: a skill-building approach,6th ed., West Sussex, UK, Wiley The Logic of Social Research, pp 1-15 Zikmund M., (1997), Business Research Methods pp 63-78 Whitley R., (1984), The Scientific Status of Management Research As a Practically Oriented Social Sciencepp 369-390

Sunday, March 22, 2020

Arts in Schools Essay

Arts in Schools Essay Arts in Schools Essay A child’s education cannot rely on reading and math alone. A wide range of educational opportunities need to be made available to a child to allow them to explore their talents and interests, whether it be through arts programs, athletics programs, or other activities outside of subjects on standardized tests. Not every student wants to be an engineer or scientist and those children should not be denied opportunities in their education. Creativity in the classroom plays a big role in how children involve themselves in their studies, social lives, and home lives. It is an important part of education and should be valued more. Many people believe that the arts are a waste of time and aren’t going to land you a stable job in the future. What they don’t realize is that having knowledge in different arts, benefits students in different parts of their lives. Including in the classroom where they learn math and science. Not only does having knowledge in the arts stimula te and develop the imagination and critical thinking, but it also refines cognitive and creative skills. Whilst other students might solve a problem based solely on logic, students with a knowledge in the arts can look at that same problem both logistically, and creatively providing them with more insight on the problem. Arts knowledge also has a tremendous impact on the developmental growth of every child, and has proven to help level the learning field across socio-economic boundaries. It strengthens problem-solving and critical-thinking skills, adds to overall academic achievement and school success. When a student is involved in artistic thinking, it truly teaches them life skills, such as developing an informed perception, articulating a vision, learning to solve problems, and make decisions. Not only this, but it also aids in building self-confidence and self-discipline, developing the ability to imagine what might be, and accepting responsibility to complete tasks from start to finish. Being in any type of arts program, whether it’s acting, or dancing, film, or general art, self-confidence and self-discipline are strongly provided. With open arms, art programs accept any student that might be having a hard time in school, or at home, and gives them something to be proud of. Whether it be a painting they painted or performing in the school play, being in an art program lets you use your passion and soul to make or do something that you are proud of. By painting, training, or practicing hard, the student achieves their goal using self-discipline for in the arts, you can only be as good as you yourself try. Art programs throughout the world give any students the right to speak what is on their minds and in their hearts and to not be judged, but praised for it. Creativity, soul, heart, passion, hard-work are just some examples of what the arts can give back to you. Having art programs in schools is essential. A very intelligent man named Ken Robinso n made a delightful speech regarding art programs in schools on the website Besides being British and hilarious, he makes substantial points and tells such wonderful funny stories! An influential quote from his speech is "If you're not prepared to be wrong, you're not going to come up with anything original." This is quite a true statement. He isn't saying that being creative necessarily means that you are wrong. He is just saying that when being creative, you're willing to take the chance and not care about the results, your answer will be genuine and unique. One extraordinary point he makes in the speech is that as we grow older we are being "educated out of our creativity†. As we go through school we quickly learn that mistakes are terrible, and strive for perfection. Memorizing facts, knowing systems and orders, but what happened to the creativity we had as kids? One last point that he makes, might not be completely true, but is funny and did make some sense. â₠¬Å"Public education is made for making

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Obsidian - Volcanic Glass Prized for Stone Tool Making

Obsidian - Volcanic Glass Prized for Stone Tool Making The volcanic glass called obsidian was highly prized in prehistory where ever it was found. The glassy material comes in a range of colors from black to green to bright orange, and it is found everywhere rhyolite-rich volcanic deposits are found. Most obsidian is a deep rich black, but, for example, pachuca obsidian, from a source in Hidalgo and distributed throughout Mesoamerica during the Aztec period, is a translucent green color with a golden yellow sheen to it. Pico de Orizaba, from a source in southeastern Puebla is almost completely colorless. Obsidian Qualities The qualities that made obsidian a favorite trade item are its shiny beauty, its easily worked fine texture, and the sharpness of its flaked edges. Archaeologists are fond of it because of obsidian hydration-a relatively secure (and relatively low cost) way to date the period an obsidian tool was last flaked. Sourcing obsidianthat is to say, discovering where the raw stone from a particular obsidian artifact came fromis typically conducted through trace element analysis. Although obsidian is always made up of volcanic rhyolite, each deposit has slightly different amounts of trace elements in it. Scholars identify the chemical fingerprint of each deposit through such methods as X-ray fluorescence or neutron activation analysis  and then compare that to what is found in an obsidian artifact. Alca Obsidian Alca is  a type of obsidian that is  solid and banded black, gray, maroon brown and bottled black maroon brown, that is found in volcanic deposits in the Andes mountains between 3700-5165 meters (12,140-16,945 feet) above sea level. The largest known concentrations of Alca are at the east rim of the Cotahuasi Canyon and in the Pucuncho basin. The Alca sources are among the most extensive sources of obsidian in South America; only the Laguna de Maule source in Chile and Argentina has comparable exposure.   Three types of Alca, Alca-1, Alca-5 and Alca-7, outcrop on the alluvial fans of the Pucuncho basin. These cannot be discerned with the naked eye, but they can be identified on the basis of geochemical characteristics, identified through ED-XRF and NAA (Rademaker et al. 2013). Stone tool workshops at the sources in the Pucuncho basin have been dated to the Terminal Pleistoceneand stone tools dated to the same 10,000-13,000 year range have been discovered at Quebrada Jaguay on the coast of Peru. Sources For information on dating obsidian ,  see the article on obsidian hydration. See the History of Glass Making, if thats what interests you. For more rock science on the substance, see the geology entry for obsidian. For the heck of it, try the Obsidian Trivia Quiz. Freter A. 1993. Obsidian-hydration dating: Its past, present, and future application in Mesoamerica. Ancient Mesoamerica 4:285-303. Graves MW, and Ladefoged TN. 1991. The disparity between radiocarbon and volcanic glass dates: New evidence from the island of Lanai, Hawaii. Archaeology in Oceania 26:70-77. Hatch JW, Michels JW, Stevenson CM, Scheetz BE, and Geidel RA. 1990. Hopewell obsidian studies: Behavioral implications of recent sourcing and dating research. American Antiquity 55(3):461-479. Hughes RE, Kay M, and Green TJ. 2002. Geochemical and Microwear Analysis of an Obsidian Artifact from the Brown Bluff Site (3WA10), Arkansas. Plains Anthropologist 46(179). Khalidi L, Oppenheimer C, Gratuze B, Boucetta S, Sanabani A, and al-Mosabi A. 2010. Obsidian sources in highland Yemen and their relevance to archaeological research in the Red Sea region. Journal of Archaeological Science 37(9):2332-2345. Kuzmin YV, Speakman RJ, Glascock MD, Popov VK, Grebennikov AV, Dikova MA, and Ptashinsky AV. 2008. Obsidian use at the Ushki Lake complex, Kamchatka Peninsula (Northeastern Siberia): implications for terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene human migrations in Beringia. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(8):2179-2187. Liritzis I, Diakostamatiou M, Stevenson C, Novak S, and Abdelrehim I. 2004. Dating of hydrated obsidian surfaces by SIMS-SS. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 261(1):51–60. Luglie C, Le Bourdonnec F-X, Poupeau G, Atzeni E, Dubernet S, Moretto P, and Serani L. 2006. Early Neolithic obsidians in Sardinia (Western Mediterranean): the Su Carroppu case. Journal of Archaeological Science 34(3):428-439. Millhauser JK, Rodrà ­guez-Alegrà ­a E, and Glascock MD. 2011. Testing the accuracy of portable X-ray fluorescence to study Aztec and Colonial obsidian supply at Xaltocan, Mexico. Journal of Archaeological Science 38(11):3141-3152. Moholy-Nagy H, and Nelson FW. 1990. New data on sources of obsidian artifacts from Tikal, Guatemala. Ancient Mesoamerica 1:71-80. Negash A, Shackley MS, and Alene M. 2006. Source provenance of obsidian artifacts from the Early Stone Age (ESA) site of Melka Konture, Ethiopia. Journal of Archaeological Science 33:1647-1650. Peterson J, Mitchell DR, and Shackley MS. 1997. The social and economic contexts of lithic procureent: obsidian from classic-period Hohokam sites. American Antiquity 62(2):213-259. Rademaker K, Glascock MD, Kaiser B, Gibson D, Lux DR, and Yates MG. 2013. Multi-technique geochemical characterization of the Alca obsidian source, Peruvian Andes. Geology 41(7):779-782. Shackley MS. 1995. Sources of archaeological obsidian in the Greater American southwest: An update and quantitative analysis. American Antiquity 60(3):531-551. Spence MW. 1996. Commodity or gift: Teotihuacan obsidian in the Maya region. Latin American Antiquity 7(1):21-39. Stoltman JB, and Hughes RE. 2004. Obsidian in Early Woodland Contexts in the Upper Mississippi Valley. American Antiquity 69(4):751-760. Summerhayes GR. 2009. Obsidian network patterns in Melanesia: Sources, characterisation, and distribution. IPPA Bulletin 29:109-123. Also Known As: Volcanic glass Examples: Teotihuacan and Catal Hoyuk are just two of the sites where obsidian was clearly considered an important stone resource.

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

HRM - exam preparation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

HRM - exam preparation - Essay Example How much of remuneration is to be paid (the absolute level) is important to the extent that it takes care of a person’s minimum needs. Fixing of a minimum wage by an employer or company, or legislating on minimum wages by the Government, therefore focuses on ‘how much’. This ‘how much’ depends on physical variables (what is needed to keep body and soul together) and cultural variables (what is perceived as ‘necessary’) (Here we may refer to the first two levels of Maslow’s Theory of the Hierarchy of Needs — taking care of the physiological and safety needs. Beyond the level of the minimum wage to be paid, equity and fairness should play an important part in determining wages (the relative levels). Further, equity should be ensured without having to sacrifice the other objectives mentioned. Equity and fairness considerations in pay fixation take care of the social and esteem needs (Maslow) of an employee. Both internal and external equity principles (relative fairness of wages of workers in the same organisation, and outside the organisation) should be kept in mind while fixing pay. Rewards (compensation) are of two kinds — direct and indirect. The direct reward is the salary; and indirect rewards are the benefits or perquisites (perks) that an employee gets. Benefits include company provided house, car, medical facilities, company paid holidays, company sponsored study courses and training and so on. Equity or fairness between one employee and another can be maintained by adjusting both the direct or indirect benefits. 1- Modification of input or output to match pay. A person who is underpaid would reduce work effort; a person who is overpaid may work more sincerely and for longer hours without further compensation. A worker may attempt to change the input/ output of others, by asking them to work/not work harder. 2- Workers may adjust